California Waterfowl advocates for science-based bag limits, seasons and other regulations that will both ensure sustainable hunting and maximize hunter participation.

Waterfowl hunting regulations are set at two levels: The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service sets science-based frameworks based on waterfowl population and other data, with guidance from councils established in each flyway. Then the California Fish and Game Commission sets regulations that fit within those frameworks. California Waterfowl participates in the process at both the federal and state levels.

Below are our positions on current issues, as well as our past successes:

Pintail bag limits
Mallard bag limits
White goose conservation season
January 31 closing date
Past successes

Looking for current seasons and bag limits? Click here.

Pintail bag limits

A growing body of science suggests that restrictive limits for pintail are not helping the species rebound to 1970s population levels. Consistent with recommendations from researchers, CWA advocates raising the daily pintail bag limit to three in order to study whether the higher limit would have any impact on population. If the data continue to show that hunter harvest is not impacting populations, a higher limit could be maintained on a more permanent basis.

Learn more


Mallard bag limits

California’s breeding mallard population – which makes up 70% of the mallard harvest here – has been in a persistent slump. However, the state still has a liberal bag limit of seven per day, with no more than two hens. While some argue for lowering the mallard limit, California Waterfowl does not take that position for a number of reasons:

  • The key factor holding back California’s mallard population is not harvest, but the availability of suitable breeding habitat. California Waterfowl advocates for laws and policies that promote breeding habitat, particularly allowing plant growth on fallowed crop fields where ducks are inclined to make their nests.
  • The smaller breeding population already has the effect of lowering the mallard harvest (see chart below).
  • Lowering the harvest further would require a drastic reduction in the daily bag limit and/or a reduction in season length. Such measures may not help California mallards, but they could very well suppress hunter participation, which in turn suppresses revenue and support for conservation.
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White goose conservation season

White goose populations (lesser snow geese and Ross’s geese) in the Pacific Flyway are far above population objectives and run the risk of doing habitat and agricultural damage if the populations aren’t brought under control. In 2016, at California Waterfowl’s request, the Pacific Flyway Council asked the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to consider a conservation order for white geese, which would allow hunting past March 10 each year.

The request is consistent with California Waterfowl’s objective to provide maximum hunting opportunity supported by research.

If the Service agrees, it would begin work to revise existing National Environmental Policy Act documents for light goose management in the Pacific Flyway. According to a letter from the Pacific Flyway Council to the Service, the “NEPA revision should give consideration to all three light goose populations within the Pacific Flyway – Ross’s geese, Western Arctic Population lesser snow geese, and Wrangel Island Population lesser snow geese; injury to habitat, agricultural interests, and other species on breeding, staging, or wintering areas; and the possibility of taking preemptive action to avoid injury.”

The entire process to allow for this additional hunting opportunity for white geese would likely take several years to complete. Recognizing the timing of white goose migrations in California, any new hunting opportunity after March 10 would likely be focused in the Northeastern Zone.

In March 2018, the Department of the Interior asked for more documentation of agricultural damage being caused by white geese. The process continues.

Read more (PDF)

January 31 closing date

California Waterfowl’s efforts have paid off. At its April 17, 2019, meeting, the California Fish and Game Commission voted to support a federally-authorized option to allow duck hunting season through January 31, instead of ending on the last Sunday in January.

For the 2019-20 season, this would allow five more days of duck hunting in California’s Balance of State, Southern San Joaquin and Southern California zones. Currently, those zones only use 102 of the 107 federally authorized hunt days for ducks.

In a letter to the Commission from CWA and other waterfowl-related interests, we noted the following:

• In California, waterfowl hunting opportunity in most zones is generally better late in the season as evidenced by harvest data on national wildlife refuges and state wildlife areas.

• It does not increase the total number of duck hunting days allowed within the Pacific Flyway, and should not adversely affect duck populations.

• Surveys conducted by California Waterfowl have consistently shown that waterfowl hunters value the number of days in the field over other considerations.

• It would still allow the post-season youth hunt to occur up to two weeks later.

• It could incentivize private duck clubs, including those operated as managed wetlands and post-harvest flooded agricultural fields (for example, rice and corn), to maintain flooded habitat on their property longer.

• It would arguably help simplify regulations by creating a date certain ending to the regular duck season. While in many years this would require ending the season on a non-Sunday, in California this already occurs in the Northeastern Zone; and, it still allows duck season to open on a Saturday.

At its December 2018 meeting in Oceanside, the Commission agreed to further study this regulatory proposal. CWA and other hunting groups also provided supportive testimony at the Commission’s February meeting in Sacramento.

Read our letters (PDFs) on this subject:

  • 2016 letter seeking this option for the Pacific Flyway
  • 2018 letter to the Fish and Game Commission seeking modified closing date
  • 2019 letter to the Commission reaffirming CWA’s support for the Jan. 31 closing date


Past successes

California Waterfowl’s policy team has successfully advocated for:

• Creating more public access for late-season goose hunts or mitigating the impacts of those hunts on public area hunters.

• Supporting the SHARE Program to create additional waterfowl hunting opportunities for the public on private lands.

• Adding two years of eligibility nationwide for participating in the annual pre- and post-season Youth Hunt Weekends – opening the hunts to youth 17 and younger on the day of they are hunting. We requested this after passage of a CWA-sponsored bill to add two years of eligibility for a youth hunting license in California, from age 15 on July 1 of the license year to age 17 on July 1 of the license year.

• Adding early and late goose hunting seasons.

• Raising the white goose bag limit to 20 per day and the dark goose bag limit to 10 per day.

• Adding one week of hunting and raising the daily limit to three for specklebelly hunting in the Sacramento Valley Special Management Area.

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